With the Name of Allah, the extremely Merciful at this very moment, and the extremely Merciful at all times.
Allah repeats in Surah Al-Qamar, Chapter 54 verse 22:
And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember? (54:22)
Although the Qur’an is easy to remember, there are certain steps along the way that help average students like us memorize more efficiently. This is especially true for one who is unable to sit with a teacher.
Here in Part 2, we want to talk about the actual procedure of sitting down and memorizing the verses.
Following a set procedure
So we have a sincere intention, we’ve asked for forgiveness and help, and we’ve got the Qur’an in our hands ready to go….but how does one actually memorize the verse in front of them?
Many different procedures have been taught, and many teachers and students have their own way of memorizing that works for them. My suggestion is to ask around and try each procedure and see which one works for you. There is a wealth of information on this topic available on the internet, but below are 3 highly recommended sources to look at before reading further:
(Youtube video) “Best way to memorize the Quran you never gonna forget it”
What follows is essentially a summary of the links above and other sources I have researched. I hope it may be of benefit to those who wish to pursue further memorization of Qur’an. It follows the “triple daily dose” that Shaykh Yasir Qadhi mentions in his excellent advice for memorization: New memorization, recent, and older.
New Memorization Procedure:
I don’t remember where I actually read it from (may Allah reward the person who I read it from), maybe an Al-Maghrib forum, but it is a procedure that has worked well for me:
First, determine how much you actually want to memorize per day. It may be 1 verse, 2 lines, half a page, etc. Next, read the portion you want to memorize to have an idea of what to expect.
Now for the actual procedure…
(IMPORTANT: Always recite ALOUD. It may feel weird in the beginning, but there is a good reason for it that I’ll mention next time inshaAllah).
- Verse 1: Read the verse from the Qur’an 5-10 times, or enough times until you feel semi-comfortable with it.
- Recite the verse 3 times without looking at the page.
- Read the verse from the Qur’an 1 more time to make sure you memorized it correctly.
- Recite it once more without looking.
- Read the translation of the verse.
—– Try to identify words that you know with the translation (A technique used in the Lessons from the Cave series). This will help you recover the verse if you forget.
- Verse 2: Repeat #1-5
- LINK 1: “Link” verse 1-2.
——– Once you’ve memorized verse 2, recite verse 1 and 2 together from memory. If you make a mistake, then repeat the verse you made the mistake in 3 times, and try to link the verses again. Once successfully linking the 2 verses, go to verse 3.
- Verse 3: Repeat #1-5
- LINK 2: Link verse 1-3 by following #7
- Keep memorizing 1 verse and then linking until you reach the end of your daily goal.
- LINK 3: When finished, recite the whole passage 3 times from memory. Preferably, you should recite it to someone who can check your mistakes. If someone isn’t available, then recite it on your own and make sure to check when you aren’t sure. Another tip is to record yourself on the computer and play it back to check mistakes.
This ends the outline for the new memorization.
As explained by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi, the verses you memorized recently are the most easily forgotten.
Thus, when you memorize the next day, the first thing to do is review what you memorized before. For example, you memorized 5 verses of Surah Ar-Rahman yesterday. Today, you start by reciting those 5 verses from memory. If there are mistakes, you need to fix that by repeating the verse with the mistake 3 times, then completing the passage. Once the passage is perfect, move on to the new memorization for today, which follows the same procedure as outlined above.
Lastly, it is *extremely* important to review parts of the Qur’an you have memorized from the past. If you don’t, it’s quickly forgotten:
Narrated by Abu Musa (ra):
The Prophet (saw) said, “Keep on reciting the Qur’an, for, by Him in Whose Hand my life is, Quran runs away (is forgotten) faster than camels that are released from their tying ropes.” (Sahih Bukhari Volume 6, Book 61, Number 552)
Thus, its important to set a daily amount of how many pages or verses you want to review from old memory. This will vary for each person.
Putting it all together
Here is an example study schedule for a person who has Chapter 30 memorized, and is now memorizing Chapter 29:
(NOTE: This is assuming one memorizes from the end to the front.)
New Memorization: whatever is comfortable for him in Chapter 29, lets say 5 verses
Recent Memorization: the last 3 pages he memorized (which would be the first 3 pages of Chapter 30 in this example)
Old Memorization: 3-5 pages from the end of Chapter 30, and the next day he will move to the 3 pages after that, until he gets up to the front of the Chapter. (By that time, his “recent memorization” should be somewhere in Chapter 29).
After that, it will take constant reevaluation to determine how many pages you need to review per day, especially when going further in memorization.
Some people like to designate one day solely for review. This should be a heavy day of review without any new memorization. Sometimes it works out easily, for example, if one is memorizing Surah Al-Kahf, his designated review day automatically becomes Friday.
Because the Qur’an is easy to remember, you will sometimes feel motivated to memorize more than your daily amount. Ideally, one should not exceed his daily amount, because the review will eventually pile up and be overwhelming, and then the next thing you know you’ll feel demotivated to move further in your memorization because you’re bogged down catching up with whats forgotten. The most important part is to be consistent, even if it is just a little:
Narrated by ‘Aisha (ra):
The Prophet (saw) was asked, “What deeds are loved most by Allah?” He said, “The most regular constant deeds even though they may be few.” He added, ‘Don’t take upon yourselves, except the deeds which are within your ability.” (Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 76, Number 472)
With time and practice, you can steadily increase your daily amount.
I cannot stress the importance of review. There are many times where I have slacked off in my review and it delays my new memorization. Perhaps it is the most important part of the journey.
More tips in Part 3 inshaAllah!